References

1
P.R. Collins, A Study of $ \ensuremathbox{\mathrm{J/\psi}}$ Production and a Measurement of the Mean B Hadron Lifetime at the $ \ensuremathbox{\mathrm{Z^0}}$ Resonance, doctoral thesis, University of Oxford, RAL report RALT-024, August 1994.

2
Particle Data Group, R.M. Barnett et al., Review of Particle Physics, Phys. Rev. D54 (1996).

3
I.I. Bigi, Heavy Quark Expansions for Inclusive Heavy Flavor Decays and the Lifetimes of Charm and Beauty Hadrons, Proc. Workshop on Heavy Quarks at Fixed Target (HQ'96, St. Goar, October 1996); and UND-HEP Report 96-BIG06, November 1996.

4
M. Neubert, Theory of Beauty Lifetimes, Proc. 2nd Conference on B Physics and CP Violation, (Honolulu, March 1997); and CERN/TH Preprint 97-148, 3rd July 1997.

5
LEP B lifetimes working group, Averages of B Hadron Lifetimes, Unpublished draft for 1998 Review of Particle Physics, 30th March 1998.

6
G. Alexander et al., Prompt $ \ensuremathbox{\mathrm{J/\psi}}$ Production in Hadronic $ \ensuremathbox{\mathrm{Z^0}}$ Decays, Phys. Lett. B384 (1996) 343-352.

7
P. Cho, Prompt Upsilon and Psi Production at LEP, Phys. Lett. B368 (1996) 171-178.

8
K. Hagiwara, A.D. Martin, W.J. Stirling, $ \ensuremathbox{\mathrm{J/\psi}}$ Production from Gluon Jets at LEP, Phys. Lett. B267 (1993) 527-531; Erratum ibid. B316 (1993) 631.

9
P. Cho and A.K. Leibovich, Color-Octet Quarkonia Production, Phys. Rev. D53 (1996) 150-162.

10
P. Cho and A.K. Leibovich, Color-Octet Quarkonia Production II, Phys. Rev. D53 (1996) 6203-6217.

11
K. Cheung, W-Y Keung, T. Yuan, Color-Octet Quarkonium Production at the Z Pole, Phys. Rev. Lett. 76 (1996) 877-880.

12
CDF Collaboration, Production of Heavy Quark States at CDF, Proc. 30th Rencontres de Moriond: QCD and High-energy Hadronic Interactions (Meribel les Allues, March 1995), ed. J. Tran Thanh Van, Editions Frontieres, 1995.

13
ALEPH: D. Decamp et al., ALEPH: A Detector for Electron-Positron Annihilations at LEP, Nucl. Instr. and Meth. A294 (1990) 121-178.

14
DELPHI: P. Aarnio et al., The DELPHI Detector at LEP, Nucl. Instr. and Meth. A303 (1991) 233-276.

15
L3: B. Adeva et al., The Construction of the L3 Experiment, Nucl. Instr. and Meth. A289 (1990) 35-102.

16
OPAL: K. Ahmet et al., The OPAL Detector at LEP, Nucl. Instr. and Meth. A305 (1991) 275-319.

17
(a)
LEP Design Report, CERN/LEP report 84-01, June 1884.

(b)
S. Myers, The LEP Collider, from Design to Approval and Commissioning, Sixth John Adams Memorial Lecture, CERN report 91-08, 10th October 1991.

18
G. Arduini et al., LEP1 Operation, 1989-1995, Proc. 5th European Particle Accelerator Conference (EPAC'96, Sitges, June 1996), CERN/SL preprint 96-43, June 1996.

19
R. Bailey et al., The Pretzel Separation Scheme in LEP, Proc. 15th International Conference on High Energy Accelerators (HEACC'92, Hamburg, July 1992), ed. J. Rossbach, Int. J. Mod. Phys. A, (Proc. Suppl.) 2A (1993) 401-404.

20
P. Collier, B. Goddard, M. Lamont, Operation of LEP with Bunch Trains, Proc. 5th European Particle Accelerator Conference (EPAC'96, Sitges, June 1996), CERN/SL preprint 96-22, 26th June 1996.

21
H.J. Hilke, DELPHI Coordinate System, CERN/DELPHI note 84-40 GEN-10, 21st June 1984.

22
DELPHI Collaboration, DELPHI Technical Proposal, CERN/LEPC 83-3, 17th May 1983.

23
DELPHI Collaboration, Performance of the DELPHI Detector, Nucl. Instr. and Meth. A378 (1996) 57-100.

24
N. Bingefors et al., The DELPHI Microvertex Detector, Nucl. Instr. and Meth. A328 (1993) 447-471.

25
V. Chabaud at al., The DELPHI Silicon Strip Microvertex Detector with Double Sided Readout, Nucl. Instr. and Meth. A368 (1996) 314-332.

26
V. Chabaud, A. Andreazza, P. Collins, H. Dijkstra, Alignment of the DELPHI vertex detector, CERN/DELPHI note 95-177 MVX-10, 12th December 1995.

27
T. Adye, Vertex Detector Event Display and Slow Controls for the DELPHI Experiment, First Year DPhil Report, Oxford University, 22nd June 1990.

28
T. Adye et al., Vertex Detector Routines, chapter 11 in DST Analysis Libraries Writeup, ed. P.D. Dauncey and L. Mirabito, unpublished CERN/DELPHI note, 15th May 1997.

29
F. Hartjes et al., A Drift Chamber With Variable Drift Velocity, Nucl. Instr. and Meth. A256 (1987) 55-64.

30
M. Siket, An investigation of the properties and behaviour of the straw detector, DELPHI, CERN/DELPHI note 95-156 TRACK-83, 17th October 1995.

31
(a)
C. Brand et al., The DELPHI Time Projection Chamber, Proc. IEEE Nuclear Science Symposium (Orlando, November 1988), ed. R. Pordes, IEEE Trans. Nucl. Sci. 36 (1989) 122-126.

(b)
Y. Sacquin, The DELPHI Time Projection Chamber, Proc. 6th International Wire Chamber Conference (Vienna, February 1992), ed. W. Bartl et al., Nucl. Instr. and Meth. A323 (1992) 209-212.

32
A. Amery et al., The DELPHI Outer Detector, Proc. 5th International Wire Chamber Conference (Vienna, February 1989), ed. W. Bartl et al., Nucl. Instr. and Meth. A283 (1989) 502-508.

33
(a)
E.G. Anassontzis et al., The Barrel Ring Imaging Cerenkov Counter of DELPHI, Proc. 6th International Wire Chamber Conference (Vienna, February 1992), ed. W. Bartl et al., Nucl. Instr. and Meth. A323 (1992) 351-362.

(b)
W. Adam et al., Nucl. Instr. and Meth. A343 (1994) 68.

(c)
DELPHI RICH Collaboration, contributions to the Second Workshop on RICH Detectors (Uppsala 1995).

34
W. Adam et al., The Forward Ring Imaging Cerenkov Detector of DELPHI, Nucl. Instr. and Meth. A338 (1994) 284-309.

35
(a)
W.T. Meyer, The DELPHI High Density Projection Chamber, Proc. IEEE Nuclear Science Symposium (Orlando, November 1988), ed. R. Pordes, IEEE Trans. Nucl. Sci. 36 (1989) 352-356.

(b)
A. Algeri et al., Performance of the HPC Calorimeter in DELPHI, Proc. Nuclear Science Symposium and Medical Imaging Conference (Norfolk, October 1994), ed. E. Barsotti, IEEE Trans. Nucl. Sci. 42 (1995) 491-498.

36
K. Doroba et al., Design and Tests of the Scintillator Trigger counters with Plastic Fibre Read out for the DELPHI Detector, CERN/DELPHI note 88-26 CAL-58, 26th April 1988.

37
P. Checchia et al., Performance of the Forward Electromagnetic Calorimeter (FEMC) for the End Caps of the DELPHI Detector, Nucl. Instr. and Meth. A275 (1989) 49-58.

38
G.D. Alekseev et al., Studies of the Stability and Systematics of Operation of the DELPHI Plastic Streamer Tubes, Nucl. Instr. and Meth. A292 (1990) 551-562.

39
I. Ajinenko et al., The cathode read-out of the DELPHI hadron calorimeter, Proc. Nuclear Science Symposium and Medical Imaging Conference (Norfolk, October 1994), ed. E. Barsotti, IEEE Trans. Nucl. Sci. 42 (1995) 485-490.

40
(a)
T.A. Fearnley, Study of the Performance of the Drift Chambers for the LEP/ DELPHI Muon Detector, masters thesis, University of Oxford, RAL Report RALT-049, August 1987.

(b)
A.C. Pinsent, The Barrel Muon Chambers, section 2.5 in A Study of Leptonic Decay Channels at the $ \ensuremathbox{\mathrm{Z^0}}$ Resonance Peak, doctoral thesis, University of Oxford, RAL report RALT-116, November 1990.

(c)
N.C.E. Crosland, The Barrel Muon Detector, chapter 3 in Studies of Muon-Pair Production in $ \ensuremathbox{\mathrm{e^+ e^-}}$ Annihilations at the LEP Collider, doctoral thesis, University of Oxford, RAL report RALT-117, January 1991.

41
J. Buytaert et al., The Forward Muon Detector of the DELPHI Experiment at LEP, Nucl. Instr. and Meth. A310 (1991) 596-606.

42
DELPHI Collaboration, Proposal for the DELPHI Surround Muon Chambers, CERN/DELPHI note 92-139 TRACK-71, 21st October 1992.

43
J.M. Benlloch et al., Physical Properties of the Time of Flight Scintillation Counters of DELPHI, Nucl. Instr. and Meth. A290 (1990) 327-334.

44
F. Stichelbaut, Study of the Performance of the 40$ ^\circ$ counters with the 94 Data, CERN/DELPHI note 96-18 HERM-2, 22nd February 1996.

45
S. Simonetti, Study of the HPC $ 90^\circ$ counters, CERN/DELPHI note 93-142 CAL-111, 9th December 1993.

46
S.J. Alvsvåg et al., The SAT calorimeter of the DELPHI experiment at LEP: Results of a module test, Nucl. Instr. and Meth. A290 (1990) 320-326.

47
L. Bugge et al., Large Area Silicon Detectors with Front End Electronics in VLSI as a Luminosity Monitor at LEP, Oslo report OSLO-86-10, April 1986.

48
(a)
The DELPHI Collaboration, Proposal for the Replacement of the Small Angle Calorimeter of DELPHI, CERN/LEPC report 92-6, 1992.

(b)
A. Benvenuti et al., STIC, the New DELPHI Luminosity Monitor, Proc. 4th International Conference on Calorimetry in High Energy Physics (La Biodola, September 1993); CERN/DELPHI note 94-31 CAL-112, 23rd March 1994.

(c)
S.J. Alvsvåg et al., The DELPHI Small Angle Tile Calorimeter, Proc. Nuclear Science Symposium and Medical Imaging Conference (Norfolk, October 1994), ed. E. Barsotti, IEEE Trans. Nucl. Sci. 42 (1995) 478-484.

(d)
The DELPHI Collaboration, Performance of the New High Precision Luminosity Monitor of DELPHI at LEP, Proc. International Europhysics Conference on High-Energy Physics (EPS-HEP'95, Brussels, July 1995); CERN/DELPHI note 95-68 PHYS-503.

49
(a)
S. Almehed et al., A Silicon-Tungsten Electromagnetic Calorimeter for LEP, Nucl. Instr. and Meth. A305 (1991) 320-330.

(b)
DELPHI Collaboration, High precision relative luminosity measurement with a Very Small Angle Tagger (VSAT) in DELPHI, Proc. 26th International Conference on High-Energy Physics (ICHEP'92, Dallas, August 1992); CERN/DELPHI note 92-77 PHYS-188.

50
R.Q. Apsey et al., Design of a 5.5 Metre Diameter Superconducting Solenoid for the DELPHI Particle Physics Experiment at LEP, Proc. Applied Superconductivity Conference (San Diego, September 1984), ed. M.A. Green, IEEE Trans. Magnetics 21 (1985) 490-493.

51
W. Adam et al., Design and Performance of the DELPHI Data Acquisition System, Proc. 7th Conference on Real-Time Computer Applications in Nuclear, Particle and Plasma Physics (RT91, Julich, June 1991), ed. F.A. Kirsten, IEEE Trans. Nucl. Sci. 39 (1992) 166-175.

52
(a)
V. Bocci et al., Basic Concepts and Architectural Details of the DELPHI Trigger System, Proc. Nuclear Science Symposium and Medical Imaging Conference (Norfolk, October 1994), ed. E. Barsotti, IEEE Trans. Nucl. Sci. 42 (1995) 837-843.

(b)
V. Bocci et al., Architecture and Performance of the DELPHI Trigger System, Nucl. Instr. and Meth. A362 (1995) 361-385.

53
US National Instrumentation Methods (NIM) Committee, FASTBUS Modular High Speed Data Acquisition and Control System, US Department of Energy Division of High Energy Physics, DOE/ER-0189.

54
DELPHI Collaboration, DELPHI Data Analysis Program (DELANA) User's Guide, CERN/DELPHI note 89-44 PROG-137, 17th May 1989.

55
D. Bertrand and L. Pape, TANAGRA, Track Analysis and Graphics Package, CERN/DELPHI note 87-95 PROG-98, 13th November 1987.

56
Yu. Belokopytov, S. Gumenyuk, V. Perevozchikov, DELPHI Detector Description Application Package User Manual, CERN/DELPHI note 90-37 PROG-154, 29th July 1990.

57
J. Wickens, DELANA Tags for 1991 Data, CERN/DELPHI note 91-20 PHYS-91 PROG-160, 30th April 1991.

58
J. Wickens, Physics Team Tagging Critera in PXTAG, CERN/DELPHI note 92-44 PROG-184, 14th April 1992.

59
T. Adye et al., Fixing Routines, chapter 11 in [28] ibid.

60
(a)
P. Abreu et al., First Measurement of the Strange Quark Asymmetry at the $ \ensuremathbox{\mathrm{Z^0}}$ Peak, Z. Phys C67 (1995) 1-13.

(b)
P. Abreu et al., Charged Kaon Production in Tau Decays at LEP, Phys. Lett. B334 (1994) 435-449.

61
L. Chevalier, Identification des Particules par leur Ionisation dans la Chambre a Échantillonnage Temporel de DELPHI, doctoral thesis, Saclay, DAPNIA/SPP 92-32, 1992.

62
P. Bambade and P. Zalewski, Study of Electron Identification in Hadronic Jets, CERN/DELPHI note 92-32 PROG-183, 7th May 1992.

63
(a)
G.V. Borisov, Lifetime Tag of Events $ \ensuremathbox{\mathrm{Z^0}}\rightarrow \ensuremathbox{\mathrm{b\bar{b}}}$ with the DELPHI detector: AABTAG program, CERN/DELPHI note 94-125 PROG-208, 11th August 1994.

(b)
W.J. Murray, Improved B tagging using Impact Parameters, CERN/DELPHI note 95-167 PHYS-581, 20th November 1995.

64
M. Goosens, O. Schaile, J. Shiers, J. Zoll, ZEBRA, CERN Program Library Long Writeup Q100/Q101, February 1994.

65
Ph. Charpentier et al., DELPHI Event Data Layout: Online and Offline Formats, CERN/DELPHI note 88-64 PROG-115 DAS-88, revised 22nd February 1989.

66
Y. Sacquin, Description of the DELPHI DST Content, CERN/DELPHI note 94-161 PROG-210, revised 20th December 1994.

67
Tz. Spassoff, DELPHI LongDST Content, Version 1.03, CERN/DELPHI note in preparation, 1st April 1996.

68
Tz. Spassoff, DELPHI ShortDST Content, Version 1.03, CERN/DELPHI note in preparation, 1st April 1996.

69
Tz. Spassoff, DELPHI MiniDST Content, Version 1.02, CERN/DELPHI note in preparation, 4th October 1995.

70
H.J. Klein and J. Zoll, PATCHY Reference Manual, Version 4.13, CERN Program Library Long Writeup, March 1988.

71
P. Billoir, Track Fitting with Multiple Scattering: A New Method, Nucl. Instr. and Meth. 225 (1984) 352-366.

72
W.J. Murray, Measurement of the Beam Position in DELPHI, CERN/DELPHI note 96-6 PHYS-590, 5th February 1996.

73
(a)
G. Wilkinson, Muon Identification, chapter 4 in A Study of $ \ensuremathbox{\mathrm{B^0}}$ $ \ensuremathbox{\bar{\mathrm{B}}^0}$ Oscillations at the $ \ensuremathbox{\mathrm{Z^0}}$ Resonance, doctoral thesis, University of Oxford, RAL report RALT-173, August 1993.

(b)
P.R. Collins, Lepton Identification and Sample Selection, chapter 3 in [1], ibid.

(c)
F. Stichelbaut and G.R. Wilkinson, Performance of Muon Identification in DELPHI for the 93 and 94 Data, CERN/DELPHI note 95-140 PHYS-565, 30th August 1995.

(d)
G. Wilkinson, Improvements to the Muon Identification in the 94C2 Short DST Production, CERN/DELPHI note 97-37 PHYS-690, 23rd April 1997.

74
N. Crosland, P. Kluit, G. Wilkinson, EMMASS Muon Identification Within DELPHI, CERN/DELPHI note 92-17 PHYS-157, 10th February 1992.

75
P.R. Collins and G.R. Wilkinson, MUCFIX -- Refining the Muon Chamber Information on the DST, CERN/DELPHI note 93-13 PHYS-262, 4th March 1993.

76
L. De Boeck and G.R. Wilkinson, MUFLAG -- A Framework for Muon Identification, CERN/DELPHI note 93-14 PHYS-263, 1st April 1993.

77
(a)
DELPHI Collaboration, DELSIM, Delphi Event Generation and Detector Simulation User's guide, CERN/DELPHI note 89-67 PROG-142, 10th July 1989.

(b)
DELPHI Collaboration, DELSIM, DELPHI Event Generation and Detector Simulation Reference Manual, CERN/DELPHI note 89-68 PROG-143, 1st September 1989.

78
T. Sjöstrand, High-Energy-Physics Event Generation with PYTHIA 5.7 and JETSET 7.4, Comput. Phys. Commun. 82 (1994) 74-90.

79
Application Software Group, GEANT -- Detector Description and Simulation Tool, CERN Program Library long writeup W5013, October 1994.

80
C.A.E.N. (Costruzioni Apparecchiature Elettroniche Nucleari s.r.l.), SY127 High Voltage System, Technical Information Manual, Viareggio, Italy, September 1986.

81
T. Adye, A. Augustinus, M. Dönszelmann, T. Rovelli, R. Sekulin, G. Smith, The Slow Controls of the DELPHI Experiment at LEP, Proc. 10th Conference on Computing in High Energy Physics (CHEP92, Annecy, September 1992), ed. C. Verkerk and W. Wojcik, CERN report 92-07 (1992) 765-768.

82
T.J. Adye, A. Augustinus, M. Dönszelmann, T. Rovelli, R.L. Sekulin, G.R. Smith, The Design and Operation of the Slow Controls for the DELPHI Experiment at LEP, RAL report 94-029 and CERN/ECP preprint 94-3, 18th March 1994; Nucl. Instr. and Meth. A349 (1994) 160-182.

83
R.C.A. Brown, H. Hofmann, D. Pegat, B. Vullierme, M. Kajetanowicz, Distributed Engineering Controls for the DELPHI Gas Supply System, Proc. IEEE Nuclear Science Symposium (Orlando, November 1988), ed. R. Pordes, IEEE Trans. Nucl. Sci. 36 (1989) 71-73.

84
(a)
J-P. Puget, E. Sbrissa, L. Vinot, The General Surveillance System (GSS), CERN/ECP note 94-5, 22nd April 1994.

(b)
R. Sekulin and G. Smith, Safety Considerations for DELPHI Slow Controls, CERN/DELPHI note 88-34 DAS-79, 11th May 1988.

85
ALEPH: T. Charity, J-M. Maugain, W. von Rüden, S. Wheeler, J. Thomas, The ALEPH Slow Control System, Proc. 8th Conference on Computing in High Energy Physics (CHEP90, Santa Fe, April 1990), ed. J. Lillberg and M. Oothoudt, AIP Conference Proceedings 209 (1990) 386-394.

86
L3: J.M. Le Goff et al., Use of an Expert System to Monitor and Control a Large High Energy Physics Experiment at CERN: The L-3 Slow Control, Proc. Conference on Software Engineering Artificial Intelligence Applications in High Energy Physics (Lyon, March 1989), New Computing Techniques in Physics Research CNRS (1990) 403-417.

87
OPAL: A.K. Amundsen, C. Beard, H.J. Burckhart, R. Hammarström, S. Jaffer, E. Meynet, The Control System of the OPAL Detector at LEP, Nucl. Instr. and Meth. A293 (1990) 145-147.

88
C. Meroni, W. Kucewicz, A. Stocchi, $ \mu$Vertex Slow Control Manual, CERN/DELPHI note 90-52 PROG-157, 6th November 1990.

89
M. Battaglia et al., A Capacitive Displacement Monitor System for the DELPHI Microvertex Detector, Proc. International Conference on Advanced Technology and Particle Physics (Como, June 1990), ed. E. Borachi at al., Nucl. Phys. B (Proc. Suppl.) 23A (1991) 448-456.

90
A. Tsirou et al., A control system for the DELPHI RICH fluids, CERN/DELPHI note 95-168 RICH-86, 20th November 1995.

91
M. Sannino and E. Durante, Alignment in Magnetic Field, Charge Transmission and Drift Velocity Monitoring for the TPC-like Electromagnetic Calorimeter of the DELPHI Experiment at LEP, CERN/DELPHI note 87-78 CAL-48, 25th September 1987.

92
M. Voutilainen, Hardware of the DELPHI Hadron Calorimeter High Voltage Control System, CERN/DELPHI note 91-15 DAS-109 CAL-80, 21st March 1991; and Helsinki University, HU-SEFT-1991-06 (1991).

93
M. Voutilainen, DELPHI Hadron Calorimeter High Voltage Current Monitor, CERN/DELPHI note 91-13 DAS-107 CAL-78, 21st March 1991; and Helsinki University, HU-SEFT-1991-04 (1991).

94
M. Voutilainen, Hardware of the DELPHI Hadron Calorimeter Front End Elecronics Control, CERN/DELPHI note 91-14 DAS-108 CAL-79, 21st March 1991; and Helsinki University, HU-SEFT-1991-05 (1991).

95
F. Cao, The Muon Chambers and the Slow Control System for the Monitoring of the Drift Velocity of the Forward Muon Chambers, chapter 4 in A study of the $ \ensuremathbox{\mathrm{Z^0}}$ Lineshape at LEP through the Reaction $ \ensuremathbox{\mathrm{e^+ e^-}}\rightarrow \ensuremathbox{\mu^+ \mu^-}$, doctoral thesis, Vrije Universiteit Brussel, December 1993.

96
P. Allen, M. de Fez, A. Ferrer, J. Cuevas, A. Ruiz, Detector Description Database for the DELPHI Time of Flight Counter, CERN/DELPHI note 92-152 PROG-191, 2nd November 1992.

97
H. Abie et al., The Slow Control System of the DELPHI Small Angle Tagger (SAT) and Very Small Angle Tagger (VSAT), CERN/DELPHI note 94-6 PROG-204, 21st March 1994.

98
(a)
Gespac SA, Gespac G-64 and G-96 Specifications Manual, Geneva, November 1984.

(b)
P. Wolstenholme, The Definition of the G-64 Compatible Bus, CERN/SPS/ACC technical note 83-24, 1983.

(c)
R. Sekulin and G. Smith, Specifications for G64 Hardware for use within DELPHI, CERN/DELPHI note 86-48 DAS-33, April 1986.

99
A.E. Ball, MAC-G64 Monitoring and Control -- G64 Based System, CERN/EF note, 20th November 1985.

100
A. Ball, G. Smith, J. Zaslavski, Input Output Cards for use with the MAC Chassis, CERN/EF note, June 1987.

101
B. Flockhart et al., 68B09E Paging Processor, Version 2, SPS 6606-01C, unpublished CERN/SPS note, 16th February 1986.

102
Motorola Inc., MC6809-MC6809E 8-bit Microprocessor Programming Manual, Original Issue, M6809PM(AD), Austin, Texas, 1st March 1981.

103
(a)
S. Brobecker, J. Joosten, Intelligent Card for Ethernet in G64, CERN/CS note, December 1988.

(b)
P. Lorenz, Performance measurements with the CATS Enhanced Performance Interface in G64 computers with Motorola 6809 processor, CERN/DELPHI note 87-86 DAS-63, 15th October 1987.

104
C. Illinger, Putting a G64 Program into ROM, CERN/DELPHI note 90-32 DAS-104, July 1990.

105
Technical Systems Consultants Inc, FLEX User's Manual, Version 9.0, Chapel Hill, North Carolina, 1979.

106
Certified Software Corporation, Omegasoft 6809 Pascal Version 2 Language Handbook, order no. MPCS2, Camarillo, California, 1983.

107
T. Adye and G. Smith, Using the Paging Facility of the SPS 256k G64 Processor, CERN/DELPHI note 94-12 DAS-149, 17th October 1994.

108
T. Adye, T. Berners-Lee, S. Brobecker, A. Camacho, D. Davids, F. Harris, P. Lorenz, Online Communications in the DELPHI Experiment, Proc. Conference on Computing in High Energy Physics (CHEP89, Oxford, April 1989), ed. R.C.E. Devenish and T. Daniels, Comput. Phys. Commun. 57 (1989) 466-471.

109
J-P. Ansart, OSIAM_C, The OSI Tool Box, Version 2.0, MARBEN Informatique, Paris.

110
D. Davids, CATS/TP4 Software User Manual, Version 5.0, unpublished CERN/CN note, 1st July 1990.

111
G. Heiman and T.J. Berners-Lee, The ``CATS'' Transport Service Calling Sequence, Version 4.0.3, CERN/DD/CS note, June 1989.

112
(a)
T.J. Berners-Lee, Experience with Remote Procedure Call in Data Acquisition and Control, Proc. 5th Conference on Real-Time Computer Applications in Nuclear, Particle and Plasma Physics (RT87, San Francisco, May 1987), ed. R.T. Kouzes, IEEE Trans. Nucl. Sci. 34 (1987) 1050-1053.

(b)
T.J. Berners-Lee, RPC User Manual, Version 2.4.0, CERN/DD/OC Writeup, July 1989.

113
G. Smith, DELPHI Slow Controls G64 Microcomputers Skeleton Program, Version 4.2, CERN/DELPHI note 94-13 DAS-150, revised 24th June 1994.

114
Digital Equipment Corporation, VMS System Services Reference Manual, Version 5.5, Maynard, Massachusetts, November 1991.

115
Digital Equipment Corporation, VAX FORTRAN Reference Manual, Version 5.0, Maynard, Massachusetts, May 1988.

116
M. Metcalf, Effective Fortran 77, Clarendon Press, Oxford, 1985.

117
K. Jensen and N. Wirth, Pascal User Manual and Report, Springer-Verlag, New York-Heidelberg-Berlin, 1975.

118
B.W. Kernighan and D.M. Ritchie, The C Programming Language, Second Edition, Prentice Hall, New Jersey, 1988.

119
Reference Manual for the Ada Programming Language, ANSI/MIL-STD-1815A-1983, ISO/8652-1987, Ada Joint Program Office, OUSDRE(R&AT), The Pentagon, Washington D.C., 1983.

120
Digital Equipment Corporation, VMS RTL Screen Management (SMG$) Manual, Maynard, Massachusetts, June 1989.

121
C. Boissat, R. Jones, G. Mornacchi, The Model Human Interface, Proc. Conference on Computing in High Energy Physics (CHEP89, Oxford, April 1989), ed. R.C.E. Devenish and T. Daniels, Comput. Phys. Commun. 57 (1989) 512-515.

122
(a)
J. Gettys, R.W. Scheifler, R. Newman, Xlib -- C Language X Interface, MIT X Consortium Standard, X Version 11, Release 4, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Cambridge, Massachusetts; and Digital Equipment Corporation, Maynard, Massachusetts, 1989.
(b)
J. McCormack, P. Asente, R.R. Swick, X Toolkit Intrinsics -- C Language Interface, X Window System, X Version 11, Release 4, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Cambridge, Massachusetts; and Digital Equipment Corporation, Maynard, Massachusetts, 1988.

123
Open Software Foundation, OSF/Motif Programmer's Reference, Release 1.1, Prentice Hall, 1990.

124
M. Dönszelmann, DELPHI HIPE System User Manual, Version 2.30, CERN/DELPHI note 92-26 DAS-124, 6th October 1992.

125
P. Burkimsher, EMU, The MODEL Error Message Utility, Version 2.1, CERN/ECP Writeup, December 1990.

126
F. Harris and K. Spang, The Use of EMU in the DELPHI Online System, CERN/DELPHI note 89-19 DAS-95, 16th March 1989.

127
A. Augustinus, DELPHI Automatic Beep Caller Facility, Reference Manual, CERN/DELPHI note 94-17 DAS-154, 22nd February 1994.

128
T. Rovelli, The EMU Messages Display Utility, CERN/DELPHI note 93-30 DAS-142, 24th March 1993.

129
(a)
F. Carena and G. Gopal, Cargo Data Base Management Systems Manual, CERN/DELPHI note 86-28 PROG-46, 8th July 1986.

(b)
Yu. Belokopytov and V. Perevozchikov, CARGO Database Management Package, CERN/DELPHI note 93-5 PROG-195, 29th March 1993.

130
R. Matthews, KAPACK: Random Access I/O Using Keywords, Version 2.12, CERN Program Library Writeup Z303, 7th February 1986.

131
T. Adye, F. Fontanelli, G. Gopal, G. Smith, Slow Control Database Manual, CERN/DELPHI note 94-15 DAS-152, 17th October 1994.

132
Yu. Belokopytov, G. Gopal, V. Perevozchikov, H. Klein, W. Venus, The DELPHI Database Description: Calibration & Detector Status File, CERN/DELPHI note 93-4 PROG-194 DAS-138, 22nd November 1993.

133
(a)
J. Barlow, B. Franek, M. Jonker, T. Nguyen, P. Vande Vyvre, A. Vascotto, Run Control in MODEL: The State Manager, Proc. 6th Conference on Real-Time Computer Applications in Nuclear, Particle and Plasma Physics (RT89, Williamsburg, May 1989), ed. R. Pordes, IEEE Trans. Nucl. Sci. 36 (1989) 1549-1553.
(b)
A. Defendini, R. Jones, J.-P. Matheys, P. Vande Vyvre, A. Vascotto, The State Manager: A Tool to Control Large Data-Acquisition Systems, Proc. International Conference on Accelerator and Large Experimental Physics Control Systems (ICALEPCS'91, Tsukuba, November 1991), ed. C.O. Pak, S. Kurokawa, T. Katoh, KEK Proceedings 92-15 (1992) 524-527.

134
C. Gaspar and M. Dönszelmann, DIM -- A Distributed Information Management System for the DELPHI Experiment at CERN, Proc. 8th Conference on Real-Time Computer Applications in Nuclear, Particle and Plasma Physics (RT93, Vancouver, June 1993), ed. D. Axen and R. Poutissou, TRIUMF 93-1 (1993) 156-158.

135
(a)
R. Jones, G. Mornacchi, R. Russell, OSP User's Guide, Version 3.0, CERN DD/OC Writeup, 26th July 1990.

(b)
A. Defendini, B. Franek, J.-P. Matheys, P. Vande Vyvre, A. Vascotto, Inter-process Control Transactions, Appendix C in The MODEL State Manager User Manual, Version 2.3, CERN/EPC/DS Writeup, 2nd April 1991.

136
(a)
M. Dönszelmann, C. Gaspar, J.A. Valls, A Configurable Motif Interface for the DELPHI Experiment at LEP, Proc. International Motif User Conference (Washington DC, December 1992); and CERN/DELPHI note 92-150 DAS-134, 2nd November 1992.

(b)
M. Dönszelmann, DELPHI User Interface Guide, CERN/DELPHI note 92-149 DAS-133, 24th March 1993.

137
M. Dönszelmann and C. Gaspar, The DELPHI Distributed Information System for Exchanging LEP Machine Related Information, Proc. 3rd International Conference on Accelerator and Large Experimental Physics Control Systems (ICALEPCS'93, Berlin, October 1993), ed. W. Busse and M.C. Crowley-Milling, Nucl. Instr. and Meth. A352 (1994) 280-282.

138
B. Franek et al., Big Brother -- A Fully Automated Control System for the DELPHI Experiment, Proc. 12th Conference on Computing in High Energy Physics (CHEP94, San Francisco, April 1994), ed. S.C. Loken, LBL C94/04/21, 1994.

139
A. Augustinus and B. Ginoux Defermon, Evaluation of the use of a Processor from the 68000-family in a G64 Environment, CERN/DELPHI note 94-16 DAS-153, 22nd February 1994.

140
R. Barillere et al., The Cortex Project: A Quasi-real-time Information System to Build Control Systems for High Energy Physics Experiments, Proc. 3rd International Conference on Accelerator and Large Experimental Physics Control Systems (ICALEPCS'93, Berlin, October 1993), ed. W. Busse and M.C. Crowley-Milling, Nucl. Instr. and Meth. A352 (1994) 492-496.

141
T. Sjöstrand, Event Shapes, section 15.1 of PYTHIA 5.7 and JETSET 7.4: Physics and Manual, LU-TP-95-20, CERN Program Library Long Writeup W5035/W5044, August 1995; unpublished appendix to High-Energy Physics Event Generation with PYTHIA 5.7 and JETSET 7.4, Comput. Phys. Commun. 82 (1994) 74-90.

142
P. Billoir, R. Frühwirth, M. Regler, Track Element Merging Strategy and Vertex Fitting in Complex Modular Detectors, Nucl. Instr. and Meth. A241 (1985) 115-131.

143
T. Adye et al., Vertex Physics Routines, chapter 8 in DST Analysis Libraries Writeup, ed. P.D. Dauncey and L. Mirabito, unpublished CERN/DELPHI note, 14th July 1994.

144
Application Software and Databases Group, Ntuples, chapter 3 of HBOOK Reference Manual -- Statistical Analysis and Histogramming, CERN Program Library Long Writeup Y250, May 1995.

145
Application Software Group, PAW -- Physics Analysis Workstation -- An Introductory Tutorial, CERN Program Library Long Writeup Q121, February 1995.

146
P. Abreu et al., $ \ensuremathbox{\mathrm{J/\psi}}$ Production in the Hadronic Decays of the Z, Phys. Lett. B341 (1994) 109-122.

147
Application Software Group, COMIS -- Compilation and Interpretation System -- Reference Manual, Version 2, CERN Program Library Long Writeup L210, July 1993.

148
F. James, MINUIT -- Function Minimization and Error Analysis -- Reference Manual, CERN Program Library Long Writeup D506, March 1994.

149
B. Franek, A Production Model Independent Calculation of Charmed Particle Lifetime Using Unconstrained Decays, RAL Report RAL-85-026, May 1985.

150
G. Alexander et al., Observation of $ \ensuremathbox{\mathrm{J/\psi}}$ Production in Multihadronic $ \ensuremathbox{\mathrm{Z^0}}$ Decays, Phys. Lett. B266 (1991) 485-496.

151
D. Buskulic et al., Measurements of Mean Lifetime and Branching Fractions of B Hadrons Decaying to $ \ensuremathbox{\mathrm{J/\psi}}$, Phys. Lett. B295 (1992) 396-408.

152
M. Acciarri et al., Inclusive J, $ \psi'$ and $ \chi_{\ensuremathbox{\mathrm{c}}}$ Production in Hadronic Z Decays, Phys. Lett. B407 (1997) 351-360.

153
The ALEPH Collaboration, Study of prompt $ \ensuremathbox{\mathrm{J/\psi}}$ production in hadronic Z decays, Proc. XVIII International Symposium on Lepton Photon Interactions (LP'97, Hamburg, July 1997).

154
D. Crennell, C.M. Fisher, R.L. Sekulin, The Possibility to Study the Production and Decay Systematics of Short-lived ( $ \gtrsim 10^{-13}$s) New Particles in Hadronic Reactions using the Bubble Chamber Technique, Nucl. Instr. and Meth. 158 (1979) 111.

155
R. Barlow, Statistics: A Guide to the Use of Statistical Methods in the Physical Sciences, John Wiley and Sons, Chichester, 1989.

156
Particle Data Group, K. Hikasa et al., Review of Particle Properties, Phys. Rev. D45 (1992) Part II.

157
Particle Data Group, L. Montanet et al., Review of Particle Properties, Phys. Rev. D50 (1994) Part I.
DELPHI notes given here as reference may be obtained from the author or from the DELPHI secretariat (CERN, Geneva, Switzerland; or via electronic mail at Delphi.Notes@cern.ch).

Tim Adye 2002-11-06